The city of berat has a rich architectural heritage which gained the city the status of a Unesco world heritage city. Berat beras witness to a town which was fortified but open, and was over a long period inhabited by craftsmen and merchants. Its urban centers reflects a vernacular housing tradition of the balkans, examples of which date mainly from the late 18th and 19th centuries. This tradition has been adapted to suit the town’s life styles, with tiered houses on the slopes, which are predominantly horizontal in layout, and make abundant use of the entering daylight.
The architectural buildings with cultural values are divided into three categories: religious objects, folk houses and defending fortifications. However, the district of berat has in total 75 monuments classified as category i monuments and hundreds of other category ii monuments.
The religious ojects are grouped in churches, mosques and tekkes. Te oldest churches found in the city of berat are byzantine churches from the xiii century. They are the churches of saint mary blacherna, the church of saint michael, and the church of holy trinity. Mosques started to be built mainly in the middle of the xv century. Among the first mosques built in the city of berat is the red mosque, the white mosque and the king mosque.